Giraud, Henri


Giraud, Henri
(general) (1879-1949)
   military figure
   Born in Paris and educated at Saint-Cyr, Henri Giraud served in World War I (1914-18) and in Morocco (1923-26). Made commander of the 9th French Army during World War II (May 1940), he was taken prisoner but escaped in April 1942. After the assassination of Admiral François darlan (December 1942), he was made, with American support, military and civilian high commissioner in North and West Africa. Despite his hostility to General charles de gaulle, he became copresident with him of the French Committee of National Liberation (CFLN), established in Algiers in June 1943, and was named commander in chief of all French forces. Progressively replaced by de Gaulle, General Giraud resigned the copresidency (November 1943), then his post as commander in chief (April 1944). He had meanwhile reconstituted a French army (FFL) in North Africa, reequipped by the Americans, and he played a preponderant role in the victories in Tunisia, in the Italian campaign, and in the liberation of Corsica.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giraud, Henri — ▪ French military officer born Jan. 18, 1879, Paris died March 11, 1949, Dijon, Fr.       army officer and one of the leaders, in World War II, of the French Committee of National Liberation.       After graduating from Saint Cyr in 1900, Giraud… …   Universalium

  • Giraud, Henri — ► (1879 1949) General francés. Creó con De Gaulle el Comité Francés de Liberación Nacional y presentó la dimisión de su copresidencia en 1943 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giraud, Henri (-Honoré) — born Jan. 18, 1879, Paris, France died March 11, 1949, Dijon French army officer. In World War II he commanded forces in northern France but was captured by the Germans in 1940. He escaped in 1942 and soon became commander in chief of the French… …   Universalium

  • Giraud, Henri (-Honoré) — (18 ene. 1879, París, Francia–11 mar. 1949, Dijon). Oficial del ejército francés. En la segunda guerra mundial comandó tropas en el norte de Francia, pero fue capturado por los alemanes en 1940. Escapó en 1942 y pronto llegó a ser comandante en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giraud — Giraud, Henri …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henri-Honoré Giraud — Henri Giraud (général) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Henri Giraud. Henri Giraud Henri Giraud, e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Giraud (general) — Henri Giraud (général) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Henri Giraud. Henri Giraud Henri Giraud, e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri giraud (général) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Henri Giraud. Henri Giraud Henri Giraud, e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GIRAUD (H.) — GIRAUD HENRI (1879 1949) Brillant officier d’infanterie pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, Henri Giraud participe ensuite à la guerre du Rif, puis devient professeur à l’École de guerre (1927 1929). Général en 1930, il retourne au Maroc. En… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Henri giraud (aviateur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Giraud. Henri Giraud (1920–1999) est un aviateur français et une figure légendaire du vol de montagne. Fondateur de l Aéroclub de l Oisans qu il dédie à l aviation de montagne, il cumule plus de 40 000… …   Wikipédia en Français


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